Section: 4 | Physical Constants of Inorganic Compounds |
Help Manual

Page of 162
Type a page number and hit Enter.
/162
  Back to Search Results
Type a page number and hit Enter.
Additional Information
The text in this document differs from that in the book. This is either due to space restrictions in the book, or differences in tables.
One or more tables in this document differ to those in the book. This is due to space restrictions in the book.
Summary of table differences
The table 'Physical Constants of Inorganic Compounds' has one or more different columns and 2765 more rows than appear in the book.
How to Cite this Reference
The recommended form of citation is:
John R. Rumble, ed., CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 102nd Edition (Internet Version 2021), CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL.
If a specific table is cited, use the format: "Physical Constants of Organic Compounds," in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 102nd Edition (Internet Version 2021), John R. Rumble, ed., CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL.

PHYSICAL CONSTANTS OF INORGANIC COMPOUNDS

This table contains physical constants for 3220 important inorganic comounds. The compounds in this table were selected on the basis of their laboratory and industrial importance, as well as their value in illustrating trends in the variation of physical properties with position in the periodic table. An effort has been made to include the most frequently encountered inorganic substances; a limited number of organometallics are also covered. Many, if not most, of the compounds that are solids at ambient temperature can exist in more than one crystalline modification. In the absence of other information, the data given here can be assumed to apply to the most stable or common crystalline form. In many cases, however, two or more forms are of practical importance, and separate entries will be found in the table.

Compounds are arranged primarily in alphabetical order by the most commonly used name; however, closely related compounds are often grouped together for convenience (e.g., silane, disilane, trisilane, etc.).

Column definitions are as follows.

Column heading Definition
Name Systematic name for the substance; the valence state of a metallic element is indicated by a Roman numeral, e.g., copper in the +1 state is written as copper(I) rather than cuprous, iron in the +3 state is iron(III) rather than ferric
Synonym Another name frequently encountered
Mol. form. The simplest descriptive formula is given, but this does not necessarily specify the actual structure of the compound; for example, aluminum chloride is designated as AlCl3, even though a more accurate representation of the structure in the solid phase (and, under some conditions, in the gas phase) is Al2Cl6; a few exceptions are made, such as the use of Hg2+2 for the mercury(I) ion
CAS Registry Number Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number; an asterisk* following the CAS RN for a hydrate indicates that the number refers to the anhydrous compound; in most cases the generic CAS RN for the compound is given rather than the number for a specific crystalline form or mineral
Mol. wt. Molecular weight (relative molar mass) as calculated with the 2009 IUPAC Recommended Atomic Weights; the number of decimal places corresponds to the number of places in the atomic weight of the least accurately known element (e.g., one place for lead compounds, two places for compounds of selenium, germanium, etc.); a maximum of three places is given; for compounds of radioactive elements for which IUPAC makes no recommendation, the mass number of the isotope with longest half-life is used
Phys. form. The crystal system is given, when available, for compounds that are solid at room temperature, together with color and other descriptive features; abbreviations are listed below
tmp Normal melting point in °C; the notation tp indicates the temperature where solid, liquid, and gas are in equilibrium at a pressure greater than one atmosphere (i.e., the normal melting point does not exist); when available, the triple point pressure is listed
tbp Normal boiling point in °C (referred to 101.325 kPa or 760 mmHg pressure); the notation sp following the number indicates the temperature where the pressure of the vapor in equilibrium with the solid reaches 101.325 kPa; see Reference 8, p. 23, for further discussion of sublimation points and triple points; a notation “sublimes” without a temperature being given indicates that there is a perceptible sublimation pressure above the solid at ambient temperatures
ρ Density values for solids and liquids are always in units of grams per cubic centimeter and can be assumed to refer to temperatures near room temperature unless otherwise stated; values for gases are the calculated ideal gas densities in grams per liter at 25 °C and 101.325 kPa; the unit is always specified for a gas value
Sol.

Solubility is expressed as the number of grams of the compound (excluding any water of hydration) that will dissolve in 100 grams of water; the temperature in °C is given as a superscript; solubility at other temperatures can be found for many compounds in the table “Aqueous Solubility of Inorganic Compounds at Various Temperatures” in Section 5 of this CRC Handbook

Qualitative Solubility Qualitative information on the solubility in other solvents (and in water, if quantitative data are unavailable) is given here; the abbreviations are:
    i = insoluble
    sl = slightly soluble
    s = soluble
    vs = very soluble
    reac = reacts with the solvent
Pvap Vapor pressure in kPa at 25 °C (1kPa = 7.5 mmHg)


Data were taken from a wide variety of reliable sources, including monographs, treatises, review articles, evaluated compilations and databases, and in many cases the primary literature. Some of the most useful references for the properties covered here are listed below.

List of Abbreviations

------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ac acetyl
ace acetone
acid acid solutions
alk alkaline solutions
amorp amorphous
anh anhydrous
aq aqueous
blk black
brn brown
bz benzene
chl chloroform
col colorless
conc concentrated
cry crystals, crystalline
cub cubic
cyhex cyclohexane
dec decomposes
dil dilute
diox dioxane
eth ethyl ether
EtOH ethanol
exp explodes, explosive
extrap extrapolated
flam flammable
gl glass, glassy
grn green
hc hydrocarbon solvents
hex hexagonal, hexane
hp heptane
HT high temperature
hyd hydrate
hyg hygroscopic
i insoluble in
liq liquid
LT low temperature
MeOH methanol
monocl monoclinic
octahed octahedral
oran orange
orth orthorhombic
os organic solvents
peth petroleum ether
pow powder
prec precipitate
pur purple
py pyridine
reac reacts with
refrac refractory
rhom rhombohedral
r.t. room temperature
s soluble in
silv silvery
sl slightly soluble in
soln solution
sp sublimation point
stab stable
subl sublimes
temp temperature
tetr tetragonal
thf tetrahydrofuran
tol toluene
tp triple point
trans transition, transformation
tricl triclinic
trig trigonal
unstab unstable
viol violet
visc viscous
vs very soluble in
wh white
xyl xylene
yel yellow

References

  1. Phillips, S. L., and Perry, D.L., Handbook of Inorganic Compounds, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1995; Second Edition by Perry, D. L., 2011.
  2. Trotman-Dickenson, A. F., Executive Editor, Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 1-5, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1973.
  3. Greenwood, N. N., and Earnshaw, A., Chemistry of the Elements, Second Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 1997.
  4. Wiberg, N., Wiberg, E., and Holleman, H. F., Inorganic Chemistry, 34th Edition, Academic Press, San Diego, 2001.
  5. GMELIN Handbook of Inorganic and Organometallic Chemistry, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.
  6. Chase, M.W., Davies, C.A., Downey, J.R., Frurip, D. J., McDonald, R.A., and Syverud, A.N.; JANAF Thermochemical Tables, Third Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Vol. 14, Suppl. 1, 1985; Chase, M. W., NISTJANAF Thermochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph No. 9, 1998.
  7. Landolt-Börnstein, Numerical Data and Functional Relationships in Science and Technology, New Series, IV/19A, “Thermodynamic Properties of Inorganic Materials compiled by SGTE”, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg; Part 1, 1999; Part 2; 1999; Part 3, 2000; Part 4, 2001.
  8. Lide, D. R., and Kehiaian, H.V., CRC Handbook of Thermophysical and Thermochemical Data, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1994.
  9. Kirk-Othmer Concise Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1985.
  10. Dictionary of Inorganic Compounds, Chapman & Hall, New York, 1992.
  11. Massalski, T. B., Ed., Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, 2nd Edition, ASM International, Metals Park, Ohio, 1990.
  12. Dinsdale, A.T., “SGTE Data for Pure Elements”, CALPHAD, 15, 317– 425, 1991. [https://doi.org/10.1016/0364-5916(91)90030-N]
  13. Madelung, O., Semiconductors: Group IV Elements and III-IV Compounds, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1991.
  14. Lidin, R. A., Andreeva, L. L., and Molochko, V. A., Constants of Inorganic Substances, Begell House, New York, 1995.
  15. Gurvich, L. V., Veyts, I. V., and Alcock, C. B., Thermodynamic Properties of Individual Substances, Fourth Edition, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York, 1989.
  16. The Combined Chemical Dictionary on CDROM, Version 9:1, Chapman & Hall/CRC, Boca Raton, FL, 2005.
  17. Macdonald, F., Editor, Chapman & Hall/CRC Combined Chemical Dictionary, <www.chemnetbase.com/scripts/ccdweb.exe>.
  18. Sangeeta, G., and LaGraff, J. R., Inorganic Materials Chemistry, Second Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2005. [https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420041422]
  19. Stern, K. H., High Temperature Properties and Thermal Decomposition of Inorganic Salts with Oxyanions, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 2001. [https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420042344]
  20. Donnay, J.D.H., and Ondik, H.M., Crystal Data Determinative Tables, Third Edition, Volumes 2 and 4, Inorganic Compounds, Joint Committee on Powder Diffraction Standards, Swarthmore, PA, 1973.
  21. Robie, R., Bethke, P. M., and Beardsley, K. M., Selected X-ray Crystallographic Data, Molar Volumes, and Densities of Minerals and Related Substances, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1248, 1967. [https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr66113]
  22. Carmichael, R. S., Practical Handbook of Physical Properties of Rocks and Minerals, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1989.
  23. Deer, W. A., Howie, R.A., and Zussman, J., An Introduction to the Rock-Forming Minerals, 2nd Edition, Longman Scientific & Technical, Harlow, Essex, 1992.
  24. Linstrom, P. J., and Mallard, W. G., Editors, NIST Chemistry WebBook, NIST Standard Reference Database No. 69, June 2005, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD 20899, <webbook.nist.gov>.
  25. Phase Diagrams for Ceramists, Volumes 1–8; ACerS-NIST Phase Equilibrium Diagrams, Volumes 9–13, American Ceramic Society, Westerville, Ohio, 1964–2001.

Physical Constants of Inorganic Compounds



NameSynonymMol. form.CAS Reg. No.Mol. wt.Phys. formtmp/ºCtbp/ºCρ/g cm-3Sol./g/100 g H2OQualitative solubilityPvap/kPa at 25 °C
Continued on next page...
ActiniumAc7440-34-8227silv metal; cub1050≈3200 10
Actinium bromideActinium tribromideAcBr333689-81-5467wh hex cry800 subl5.85s H2O
Actinium chlorideActinium trichlorideAcCl322986-54-5333wh hex cry960 subl4.81
Actinium fluorideActinium trifluorideAcF333689-80-4284wh hex cry7.88i H2O
Actinium iodideActinium triiodideAcI333689-82-6608wh crys H2O
Actinium oxideAc2O312002-61-8502wh hex cry19779.19i H2O
AluminumAl7429-90-526.982silv-wh metal; cub cry660.32325192.70i H2O; s acid, alk
Aluminum acetateAluminum triacetateAl(C2H3O2)3139-12-8204.113wh hyg soliddecs H2O; sl ace
Aluminum diacetateAluminum subacetateAl(OH)(C2H3O2)2142-03-0162.078wh amorp powderi H2O
Aluminum ammonium sulfateAmmonium alumNH4Al(SO4)27784-25-0237.146wh powdersl H2O; i EtOH
Aluminum ammonium sulfate dodecahydrateTschernigiteNH4Al(SO4)2·12H2O7784-26-1453.329col cry or powder94.5>280 dec1.65s H2O; i EtOH
Aluminum antimonideAlSb25152-52-7148.742brn cub cry10654.26
Aluminum arsenideAlAs22831-42-1101.903oran cub cry; hyg17403.76
Aluminum borateEremeyevite2Al2O3·B2O311121-16-7273.543needles≈1050i H2O
Aluminum borohydrideAluminum tetrahydroborateAl(BH4)316962-07-571.510flam liq-64.544.5reac H2O
Aluminum bromate nonahydrateAl(BrO3)3·9H2O11126-81-1572.826wh hyg cry62>100 decs H2O
Aluminum bromideAluminum tribromideAlBr37727-15-3266.694wh-yel monocl cry; hyg97.52553.2reac H2O; s bz, tol
Aluminum bromide hexahydrateAlBr3·6H2O7784-11-4374.785col-yel hyg cry932.54s H2O, EtOH, CS2
Aluminum carbideAl4C31299-86-1143.958yel hex cry2100>2200 dec2.36reac H2O

  • aThis is the estimated diamond-graphite-liquid carbon triple point (Ref. 12).


Page 1 of 162
1/162

Entry Display
This is where the entry will be displayed

Log In - Individual User
You are not within the network of a subscribing institution.
Please sign in with an Individual User account to continue.
Note that Workspace accounts are not valid.

Confirm Log Out
Are you sure?
Log In to Your Workspace
Your personal workspace allows you to save and access your searches and bookmarks.
Username
Password
Remember Me
This will save a cookie on your browser



If you do not have a workspace Log In click here to create one.
Forgotten your workspace password? Click here for an e-mail reminder.
Log Out From Your Workspace
Are you sure?
Create your personal workspace
Title
First Name (Given)
Last Name (Family)
Email address
Username
Password
Confirm Password


Incorrect login details
You have entered your Workspace sign in credentials instead of Individual User sign in credentials.
You must be authenticated within your organisation's network IP range in order to access your Workspace account.
Click the help icon for more information on the differences between these two accounts.
Incorrect login details
You have entered your Individual User account sign in credentials instead of Workspace credentials.
While using this network, a personal workspace account can be created to save your bookmarks and search preferences for later use.
Click the help icon for more information on the differences between Individual User accounts and Workspace accounts.
My Account

Change Your Workspace Password
Username
Current Password

New Password
Confirm New Password


Update your Personal Workspace Details
Username
Title
First Name (Given)
Last Name (Family)
Email address


Workspace Log In Reminder
Please enter your username and/or your e-mail address:

Username
Email Address


Searching for Chemicals and Properties

The CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (HBCP) contains over 700 tables in over 450 documents which may be divided into several pages, all categorised into 17 major subject areas. The search on this page works by searching the content of each page individually, much like any web search. This provides a challenge if you want to search for multiple terms and those terms exist on different pages, or if you use a synonym/abbreviation that does not exist in the document.

We use metadata to avoid some of these issues by including certain keywords invisibly behind each table. Whilst this approach works well in many situations, like any web search it relies in the terms you have entered existing in the document with the same spelling, abbreviation etc.

Since chemical compounds and their properties are immutable, a single centralised database has been created from all chemical compounds throughout HBCP. This database contains every chemical compound and over 20 of the most common physical properties collated from each of the >700 tables. What's more, the properties can be searched numerically, including range searching, and you can even search by drawing a chemical structure. A complete list of every document table in which the compound occurs is listed, and are hyperlinked to the relevant document table.

The 'Search Chemicals' page can be found by clicking the flask icon in the navigation bar at the top of this page. For more detailed information on how to use the chemical search, including adding properties, saving searches, exporting search results and more, click the help icon in to top right of this page, next to the welcome login message.

Below is an example of a chemical entry, showing its structure, physical properties and document tables in which it appears.

image of an example chemical entry
We use cookies to improve your website experience. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. By continuing to use the website, you consent to our use of cookies.
Cookie Policy

Cookie Policy

We have developed this cookie policy (the “Cookie Policy”) in order to explain how we use cookies and similar technologies (together, “Cookies”) on this website (the “Website”) and to demonstrate our firm commitment to the privacy of your personal information.

The first time that you visit our Website, we notify you about our use of Cookies through a notification banner. By continuing to use the Website, you consent to our use of Cookies as described in this Cookie Policy. However, you can choose whether or not to continue accepting Cookies at any later time. Information on how to manage Cookies is set out later in this Cookie Policy.

Please note that our use of any personal information we collect about you is subject to our Privacy Policy.

What are Cookies?

Cookies are small text files containing user IDs that are automatically placed on your computer or other device by when you visit a website. The Cookies are stored by the internet browser. The browser sends the Cookies back to the website on each subsequent visit, allowing the website to recognise your computer or device. This recognition enables the website provider to observe your activity on the website, deliver a personalised, responsive service and improve the website.

Cookies can be ‘Session Cookies’ or ‘Persistent Cookies’. Session Cookies allow a website to link a series of your actions during one browser session, for example to remember the items you have added to a shopping basket. Session Cookies expire after a browser session and are therefore not stored on your computer or device afterwards. Persistent Cookies are stored on your computer or device between browser sessions and can be used when you make subsequent visits to the website, for example to remember your website preferences, such as language or font size.

Cookies We Use and Their Purpose

We use three types of Cookies - ‘Strictly Necessary’ Cookies, ‘Performance’ Cookies and ‘Functionality’ Cookies. Each type of Cookie and the purposes for which we use them are described in this section. To learn about the specific Cookies we use, please see our List of Cookies.

1. Strictly Necessary Cookies

‘Strictly Necessary’ Cookies enable you to move around the Website and use essential features. For example, if you log into the Website, we use a Cookie to keep you logged in and allow you to access restricted areas, without you having to repeatedly enter your login details. If you are registering for or purchasing a product or service, we will use Cookies to remember your information and selections, as you move through the registration or purchase process.

Strictly Necessary Cookies are necessary for our Website to provide you with a full service. If you disable them, certain essential features of the Website will not be available to you and the performance of the Website will be impeded.

2. Performance Cookies

‘Performance’ Cookies collect information about how you use our Website, for example which pages you visit and if you experience any errors. These Cookies don’t collect any information that could identify you – all the information collected is anonymous. We may use these Cookies to help us understand how you use the Website and assess how well the Website performs and how it could be improved.

3. Functionality Cookies

‘Functionality’ Cookies enable a website to provide you with specific services or a customised experience. We may use these Cookies to provide you with services such as watching a video or adding user comments. We may also use such Cookies to remember changes you make to your settings or preferences (for example, changes to text size or your choice of language or region) or offer you time-saving or personalised features.

You can control whether or not Functionality Cookies are used, but disabling them may mean we are unable to provide you with some services or features of the Website.

First and Third Party Cookies

The Cookies placed on your computer or device include ‘First Party’ Cookies, meaning Cookies that are placed there by us, or by third party service providers acting on our behalf. Where such Cookies are being managed by third parties, we only allow the third parties to use the Cookies for our purposes, as described in this Cookie Policy, and not for their own purposes.

The Cookies placed on your computer or device may also include ‘Third Party’ Cookies, meaning Cookies that are placed there by third parties. These Cookies may include third party advertisers who display adverts on our Website and/or social network providers who provide ‘like’ or ‘share’ capabilities (see the above section on Targeting or Advertising Cookies). They may also include third parties who provide video content which is embedded on our Website (such as YouTube). Please see the website terms and policies of these third parties for further information on their use of Cookies.

To learn about the specific First Party and Third Party Cookies used by our, please see our List of Cookies.

Managing Cookies

You always have a choice over whether or not to accept Cookies. When you first visit the Website and we notify you about our use of Cookies, you can choose not to consent to such use. If you continue to use the Website, you are consenting to our use of Cookies for the time being. However, you can choose not to continue accepting Cookies at any later time. In this section, we describe ways to manage Cookies, including how to disable them.

You can manage Cookies through the settings of your internet browser. You can choose to block or restrict Cookies from being placed on your computer or device. You can also review periodically review the Cookies that have been placed there and disable some or all of them.

You can learn more about how to manage Cookies on the following websites: www.allaboutcookies.org and www.youronlinechoices.com.

Please be aware that if you choose not to accept certain Cookies, it may mean we are unable to provide you with some services or features of the Website.

Changes to Cookie Policy

In order to keep up with changing legislation and best practice, we may revise this Cookie Policy at any time without notice by posting a revised version on this Website. Please check back periodically so that you are aware of any changes.

Questions or Concerns

If you have any questions or concerns about this Cookie Policy or our use of Cookies on the Website, please contact us by email to [email protected]

You can also contact the Privacy Officer for the Informa PLC group at [email protected].


Our Cookies

Here is a list of cookies we have defined as 'Strictly Necessary':

Taylor and Francis 'First Party' Cookies

JSESSIONID

TandF.ACCT.CNB.cookieId

TandF.WS.CNB.cookieId

TandF.SU.CNB.cookieId

TandF.PORTAL.cookiesAgreed

TandF.LOGIN.cookiesAgreed

TandF.HBCP.cookiesAgreed

TandF.CCD.cookiesAgreed

TandF.DNP.cookiesAgreed

TandF.DOC.cookiesAgreed

TandF.DOD.cookiesAgreed

TandF.DIOC.cookiesAgreed

TandF.POLY.cookiesAgreed

TandF.DFC.cookiesAgreed

TandF.DMNP.cookiesAgreed

TandF.DCCC.cookiesAgreed

TandF.POC.cookiesAgreed

Here is a list of the cookies we have defined as 'Performance'.

'Third Party' Cookies

Google Analytics:

_ga

_gid

_gat

Accessibility

The Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT) is a self-assessment document which discloses how accessible Information and Communication Technology products are in accordance with global standards.

The VPAT disclosure templates do not guarantee product accessibility but provide transparency around the product(s) and enables direction when accessing accessibility requirements.

Taylor & Francis has chosen to complete the International version of VPAT which encompasses Section 508 (US), EN 301 549 (EU) and WCAG2.1 (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines) for its products.

Click here for more information about how to use this web application using the keyboard.


This is replaced with text from the script
This is replaced with text from the script
Top Notification Bar Dialog Header
Your Session is about to Expire!
Your session will expire in seconds

Please move your cursor to continue.